Building materials are used during construction and in a civil engineering project. As a society, we have evolved, and so have the materials we use for construction. Choosing the ideal material is essential, as it will play a significant role in determining the durability and cost-effectiveness of the project. Since the materials available in the market are incredibly diverse, you should assess your needs before making a final choice. Every factor ranging from the architectural design to the quality of soil acts as a significant factor when determining the best materials for your building.
You can find both natural and manmade materials in the market. Both of them offer specific benefits and are suitable for different kinds of projects. We have shared the most frequently used materials in the industry. Humans have been using these materials for a long time, and every construction project uses them. The durability and versatility offered by these building materials are just a few benefits that make them the best choice. Let’s have a look at the most durable and frequently used construction materials:
This material is made from several different materials such as stone and sand mixed with binding elements such as cement or water. This mixture is dried, and it hardens once it is dry. You can use concrete to form molds on the spot. It is considered one of the most flexible building materials in the market. Concrete has been around for hundreds of years, but it has been in construction projects since 1860. The reinforced concrete increases the tensile strength of the material.
This made it a valuable addition to construction projects and became a reason for its popularity. The reinforced concrete can take any shape, and it is capable of supporting narrow steel rods. The reinforcement has also made concrete an ideal material for constructing walls, beams, foundations, slabs, etc. Modern reinforcement has given even more strength to these materials and allowed them to play a more significant role during construction.
Bricks have been used in several ancient structures such as the Great Wall of China, Roman aqueducts, etc. Clay is the primary material for bricks. The style of brick making hasn’t changed much from the early days. The process is simply more refined and offers more durable and weather-resistant bricks to builders.
The bricks are made from silt, dry naturally, and when the consistency becomes extremely hard, the silt breaks into small chunks called bricks. Since it is one of the most durable building materials, bricks are used everywhere. No construction project is complete without bricks. Uniform bricks are stacked seamlessly and create smooth walls along with clean corners. Bricks are stable and can withstand extreme weather conditions, making them an ideal construction material.
Iron and Steel
Iron and steel have become essential materials to support taller structures. Since tall buildings put too much weight on load-bearing walls, a durable and robust building is required to support the weight. Iron and steel serves as the perfect material for supporting purposes. Steel has a twofold job during construction. On the other hand, it can be embedded into concrete to provide maximum support and become a part of the foundation itself. On the other hand, it can be prefabricated to ease the process of installation.
It can also be welded, riveted, and bolted to the place and allow the builders to adopt a newer and greener material for their construction projects. Steel is among the most economical building materials, and it is one of the reasons this material has become necessary in modern construction projects. This technology gives power to man when designing tall buildings. It has also expanded the architectural horizon and allowed the builders to experiment with the design and look of the building.
Wood is among the most used building materials. You can use it in more than one way, and the flexibility makes it a tough material to replace. Wood is the primary material, or you can blend it with others to increase the structure’s durability since wood is a more robust and lighter solution than stone as a decorative material in the interior.
Wood is not a perfect material. It has its vulnerabilities and is prone to decay as well. But, even after all these vulnerabilities, wood buildings are said to survive for a long time. Wood offers a lot of architectural freedom to the builder and makes for a great addition to be used inside the house. You can use it in a range of varieties, and that makes this material even more valuable.
Stone comes with its set of advantages, but it also has some challenges. Since it is heavy to move, has tension, along with stress limitations, this material is used in moderation during construction. If the builders have ample resources to excavate and cut the stone out precisely, it can be among the best building materials in the industry.
Stone is not used like brick, it is stacked without mortar, but it is still capable of supporting heavy loads. Since stone is not prone to deforming, the lifespan of the structure will automatically increase. It can withstand fire and heat as well, allowing for a better interior environment. Stone is also used in decoration and offers a timeless and rugged look to the structure.
You can find a range of building materials suppliers in Dubai. From wood to concrete, every material plays a significant role in construction. Choosing the ideal material is only half the job. You also need to choose a reliable partner to supply these materials. We have curated a list of the best suppliers who offer building materials in Dubai. Have a look and choose your ideal partner.