Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or white filling in Lahore cavities, is a source of infection. Causing mineral salt loss and devastation of hard tissues such as enamel, dentin, and cementum, according to Fotek (2012). It is the result of bacterial fermentation in the food. If left untreated, it will cause pain. Tooth decay is still one of the world’s most common health problems today. In fact, anyone can get tooth decay, but children are especially vulnerable.
Tooth decay has a long and illustrious history white filling in Lahore . Hominids such as Australopithecus had cavities over a million years ago, according to the University of Illinois (n.d.). Archaeology has discovered evidence that tooth decay existed during the prehistoric period (University of Illinois n.d). Caries can be seen in evidence such as Neolithic period skulls excavated (University of Illinois).
The rise in caries in South Asia, according to Richards (2002, p.1275), is linked to rice cultivation. As early as 5000 BC, Sumerians believed that tooth decay was caused by a “tooth worm. Some Asian countries, such as India, Egypt, Japan, and China. Have provided evidence to back up this claim (Richards & Norman 1990). 7000-year-old teeth in Pakistan show nearly perfect holes from primitive dental drills. According to an NBC News report (4 May 2006). As a result, the purpose of this paper is to educate people about tooth decay and how to prevent it.
1. Signs and symptoms of tooth decay
A recent Health Promotion Board study found that. A person suffering from caries may be unaware of the disease. A chalky white spot on a tooth’s surface is the first sign of a new carious lesion. Indicating an area of enamel demineralization (King 2011). The wound may turn brown as it continues to demineralize, but it will eventually turn into a cavity (Clake n.d). According to ‘Dental Cavities. Tooth decay becomes visible when the tooth enamel and dentine are destroyed. And the affected area of the tooth becomes vulnerable (2012). Furthermore, if the decay penetrates the enamel and reaches the tooth’s nerve, it will cause pain. Dental caries can also result in bad breath and unpleasant tastes (Clake n.d).
2. The Causes of Tooth Decay
Tooth decay is categorised into four categories: teeth, bacteria, fermentable carbohydrates, and time. The caries process, according to Smith, B., and Pickard, H. M. (1990), is not unavoidable, and different people will have varying degrees. Depending on the shape of their teeth, oral hygiene habits, and saliva content.
The first reason given by Neville (2002, p.89) is that teeth can be affected. By a variety of diseases that put a person at risk for caries. He also stated that Amelogenesis imperfecta. Which affects 1 in 718 to 1 in 1,400 people, is a disease in which. The enamel does not form completely or in insufficient amounts, resulting in the enamel falling off a tooth. As a result, teeth may be more vulnerable because enamel in both cases cannot protect the tooth (Neville, p.94). The most common cause of white filling in Lahore in most people is not. A disease that affects the teeth. According to Cate (1998, p.1), “ninety-six percent of tooth enamel is composed of minerals. Which become soluble when exposed to an acidic environment. Even in a healthy oral environment, cavities can form easily when the root surface of teeth is exposed.
Moving on, bacteria in the mouth are present to convert sugars and amylum into acids (Priya Johnson 2012). Plaque is a buildup of bacteria, acid, and saliva in the mouth (Johnson 2012). This compound is sticky and sticks to the teeth, especially. The surface of grinders and the edges of tooth fillings (Johnson 2012). Plaque forms within 20 minutes of eating, which is when the majority of bacteria action occurs (Johnson 2012). Furthermore, the more food consumed, the more plaque formation occurs (Johnson 2012).
The third reason mentioned fermentable carbohydrates.
Through a process known as fermentation. Bacteria in a person’s mouth convert glucose and fructose into acids such as lactic acid; when these bacteria come into contact with the tooth, they can cause demineralization (Neville 2002). Fluoride toothpaste can help with the demineralization process (Silverstone 1983). Carcinogenicity refers to the effect sugars have on the decaying process of teeth (Madigan & Martinko p.705).
The likelihood of caries development, according to the British Nutrition Foundation (2004). According to UCLASD (2006), bacteria in the mouth metabolise sugar after meals, lowering pH levels. The pH returns to normal over time due. To the capacity of saliva and the faded mineral content of the tooth surface (UCLASD 2006). When exposed to an acidic environment, a portion of the inorganic mineral content. At the surface of the teeth can dissolve for up to two hours (UCLASD 2006). If the diet is high in carbohydrates, caries can begin. Within days of a tooth erupting into the mouth (UCLASD 2006). Fluoride treatments, according to Summit (2001, p.75), can slow the process. Because the cementum that surrounds the root surface is not as durable as enamel. Proximal caries in permanent teeth progress faster than on other surfaces (Summit 2001).
3. How can I keep my teeth from decaying?
Everyone wishes they had beautiful teeth but doesn’t know how to care for them. Keeping your teeth clean on the outside and inside is critical for long-term appearance and tooth strength.
Oral hygiene is one of the most important methods for preventing Root Canal Treatment in Lahore. Brushing and flossing your teeth on a daily basis are personal oral hygiene care components (Nguyen 2011). He also advises people to brush their teeth after every meal to avoid dental caries. Brush your teeth at least twice a day in the morning and evening. Or at least once a day after dinner. Brush your teeth with a soft bristle brush, paying special attention to the inside, outside, and chewing surfaces (Nguyen 2011).
Using fluoride-containing toothpaste, drinking water, or salt as a fluoride supplement can reduce dental caries by 30%. (Nguyen, 2011)
Aside from oral hygiene, according to a Helium (2011) report, everyone should visit the dentist every 6 months. The advice of a dentist can also aid in the reduction of the appearance of plaque.